When it comes to selling a property in Belgium, there are two interesting and sometimes little-known options:
bare ownership sales and life annuity sales.
Although these two methods may seem similar, there are significant differences between them that are worth exploring, particularly in Brussels, one of the most dynamic areas of the Belgian property market.
1. Bare ownership sales :
Bare ownership sales involve transferring ownership of a property while retaining the usufruct, i.e. the right to live in it or receive rental income from it. The main features of bare ownership sales in Brussels are as follows:
The seller transfers bare ownership of the property while retaining the usufruct. They may continue to live in the property or rent it out, but they no longer have full ownership.
The buyer acquires bare ownership of the property. They will have to wait until the usufructuary dies before taking full possession.
The purchase price for bare ownership is generally lower than for full ownership, as the buyer cannot enjoy the property immediately.
The usufructuary retains the right to live in or rent the property for the rest of his or her life.
The tax aspects of bare ownership vary according to the length of the usufruct and the value of the property. It can be advantageous from a tax point of view.